Jewish Quarter in Barcelona
The Jewish Quarter of Barcelona is an ancient area of the city. It has been there for over a thousand years and during this time it has developed into quite the unique centre of the city. As one of the most historically important areas in all of Spain, the Jewish quarter has seen many different ethnic groups settle here including Spanish, Portuguese and Jews from Germany. During the Renaissance the Jewish quarter was the centre of the most banking resources in the city and also acting as a sort of communal treasury.
There are three main sections to the Jewish quarter. The traditional centre is known as the Barbican and is ringed by red brick houses and buildings housing hundreds of businesses and their workers as well as the people who work in the churches and synagogues. The other two sections are the Guellala and San Carlos. The Guellala has the oldest buildings in the whole of Barcelona and is known for being home to the city’s chiest nightspots. This area is ringed by the Royal Plaza and a number of gothic buildings and bars.
Next to the Guellala there is the Jewish quarter of Barcelona called the Birkenstock. This part has a very distinct look which dates back to the middle ages and has seen hundreds of years of evolution. The boulevards and streets in the Jewish quarter are named after certain places and buildings in the city as well as the religious texts and beliefs of the Jews. For instance, the Vilma Freud Museum is located in the Birkenstock while the Anne Frank House is located in the Guellala.
Barringer Building – The Jewish Quarter in Barcelona
Barcelona’s Jewish quarter is also home to a number of museums. They include the Tel Aviv Museum, the Jewish Museum Barcelona which was built in the late sixties. The latter has an enormous multi-room underground bunker which hid theodor H. Gersh, the German Jewish anti-facist who disappeared while travelling to Argentina in the later eleventh century. There is also the Barringer Museum which has a great collection of jewellery and weapons. It houses the remains of the Barringer fortress which collapsed during the Spanish inquisition.
The Jewish quarter also has a huge interpretation center of the jewish quarter. The main center has a large exhibition of works made by local artists. It also has an audio-visual interpretation center where a film is played showing different parts of the Barringer Castle. This centre has a very large budget as it was completely rebuilt after the Second World War. The Jewish Museum Barcelona interpretation center has several exhibits relating to the history of the diaspora and the rise of the jewish community in Barcelona.
Jewry has played a major role in the history of Barcelona from the beginning of the Renaissance till the end of the Middle Ages. The diy Jews brought Spain and Jewry to the forefront during the war against the Catholic Church. The Jews were mainly expelled from the rest of the Iberian peninsula and from the rest of the world altogether after the destruction of the jewish community in the 16th century. Today the Barringer Building has a replica of the goldsmith shop of the Golden Age, which was destroyed during the Counter-Reformation.